The Hidatsa Sioux
Hidatsa and Crow
Their name may be derived from "willows," the name of one of their villages. The Mandan called them minitaris, "those who crossed the water," referring to their first encounter on the banks of the Missouri. For the french trappers, they were "River Big Bellies" (and a possible confusion with the Gros Ventres).
They were a branch of the Crow with whom they were closely linked.
As neighbors of the Mandan on the Missouri, they had the same way of life. They did not practice the okeepa, but did the Sun Dance, which also features mutilation of the body. They had many societies to which both men and women belonged, including the Dog Soldier Society for men and the White Buffalo Society for women.
They had the same "visitors" as the Mandan and were stricken by a smallpox epidemic.
They numbered 2,500 in 1780 and 731 in 1937 at Fort Berthold, N. Dakota.
Their proper was ahsaroke, "the bird people." The French called them "Crow people" from which their English name was derived.
They settled in present-day Montana along the Yellowstone River and its tributaries, the Bighorn, Rosebud, and Powder Rivers -- and also further to the south along the Wind River in Wyoming.
Separated from the Hidatsa around 1776, the Crow were a proud and belligerent people, with contempt for the Whites. They were in a permanent state of war with Siksika and the Dakota. They also served as scouts for the American cavalry.
They subsisted on buffalo hunting. Their elegance earned them the name: "the Brummels of the Native American world." At one time, they are recorded as having more than 10,000 horses.
Lewis and Clark visited them in 1804. Nearly 8,700 were counted in tribal registers in 1992 on the reservation on the Bighorn River in Montana.
The Sioux : Dakota ~ Dhegiha ~ Chiewere ~ Mandan ~ Hidatsa
The Caddo : Arikara ~ Pawnee ~ Wichita
The Shoshonean : Comanche ~ Kiowa
The Alqonquian : Blackfeet ~ Gros Ventre ~ Cheyenne ~ Arapaho ~ Plains Cree ~ Plains Ojibwa
Crazy Horse ~~ Red Cloud ~~ Sitting Bull
Where We Critters Live
Wichitas || Plains Indians
Kansas || Wichita
The Infamous || Tornado!